Otolaryngology, also known as ENT (Ear-Nose-Throat) surgery, is a field focused on all types of head and neck surgery.
Plastic surgeons are trained to perform reconstructive and cosmetic procedures throughout the entire body, including the head and neck. They also manage maxillofacial fractures and provide complex procedures such as vascularized flaps for areas of the skull that needs skin coverage.
Otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, and neurosurgeons frequently collaborate on surgical procedures. ENT surgeons often provide the approach and closure for neuroendoscopic surgery through the nasal cavity, while neurosurgeons operate at the skull base.
Craniofacial procedures, especially for congenital malformations, also require collaboration between these three specialties.